Leonard Roy Frank is a friend, a psychiatric survivor and long-time activist for human rights in psychiatry. This Wharton School graduate is a native of Brooklyn. He served in the U.S. Army and then worked as a real estate salesman for several years. In 1962, three years after moving to San Francisco, his parents, disapproving of his unconventional  life style and the fact that he was not “gainfully employed” and was spending most of his time studying, had him committed to a psychiatric institution where he was forcibly subjected to 50 insulin-coma and 35 electroconvulsive procedures. "This", says Leonard, "as the most painful and humiliating experience of my life. My memory for the three preceding years and most of my high school and college education was gone". 

He didn’t even know who the president of the United States was, although John Kennedy had been elected three years earlier. In the process of "curing" him, psychiatrists also shaved off his now-trademark beard. For the next 6 years, beginning in 1963, he read and studied in order to regain the knowledge that had been destroyed and acquire new learning. Leonard has edited  a number of  books, including The History of Shock Treatment, Influencing Minds, and Random House Webster’s Quotationary (1998), a classic reference work for speakers, writers and other thoughtful people. Since then Random House has published his Wit & Humor Quotationary, Freedom: Quotes and Passages from the Worlds Greatest Freethinkers and 5 gift books titled Inspiration, Love, Money, Wisdom, and Wit, each subtitled The Greatest Things Ever Said. In his History of Shock Treatment (1978), Leonard was one of the first to detail the now infamous brainwashing activities of psychiatrist D. Ewen Cameron, who in Montreal during the 1950s brutally assaulted patients with electroshock, massive drug doses, and bizarre forms of conditioning in what he called “depatterning treatment.” Cameron was one of the most respected and honored psychiatrists on the international scene. During his career he was elected  president of the World Psychiatric Association, the American Psychiatric Association and the Canadian Psychiatric Association. It was learned subsequently that his depatterning technique was partially funded by the CIA as part of its “mind control” program called Project MKULTRA. 

In June 2006, Leonard’s Electroshock Quotationary, was published on the Internet. The book is an illustrated, 154-page collection of chronologically arranged quotations, excerpts, and short essays about the history and nature of electroshock (electroconvulsive treatment, ECT), psychiatry’s most controversial procedure.  The book may be downloaded free of charge at this link.


FRANKLY QUOTED 1 February 2008 (47 entries, 3,500 words) Leonard Roy Frank, editor   [Note: The chronologically-arranged quotes are followed by several of the editor’s aphorisms and observations.]   1. Death often weighs heavier on us by its weight on others, and pains us by their pain almost as much as by our own, and sometimes even more. MONTAIGNE (French writer), “On Vanity,” Essays, 1588, translated by Donald M. Frame, 1958. My brother-in-law Sandor Weinstock died on 30 January 2008 at 83. He was a good man.   2. Let the People think they Govern, and they will be Govern’d. WILLIAM PENN (English Quaker leader and founder of the state of Pennsylvania), Some Fruits of Solitude, no. 337, 1693. Compare, “It is possible that people need to believe that they are unmanaged if they are to be managed effectively.” JOHN KENNETH GALBRAITH (Canadian-born U.S. economist), The New Industrial State, ch. 19, 1967   3. Integrity and firmness are all I can promise. These, be the voyage long or short, shall never forsake me, although I may be deserted by all men; for of the consolations, which are to be derived from these, under any circumstances, the world cannot deprive me. GEORGE WASHINGTON, letter to Henry Knox, the acting secretary of war, 1 April 1789 (four weeks before assuming the presidency)   4. Such is the irresistible nature of truth that all it asks, and all it wants, is the liberty of appearing. THOMAS PAINE (English-born U.S. political philosopher), The Rights of Man, 2 (“Introduction”), 1792. Compare, “This is the character of truth: it is of all time, it is for all men, it has only to show itself to be recognized, and one cannot argue against it.” VOLTAIRE, “Sect,” Philosophical Dictionary, 1764, translated by Abner Kneeland, 1836   5. My country in its wisdom contrived for me the most insignificant office that ever the invention of man contrived or his imagination conceived. JOHN ADAMS (vice president during the Washington administration [1789-1797] and president [1797-1801])), on the vice presidency, quoted in Gordon S. Wood, “In the American Grain,” New York Review of Books, 21 June 2001. Compare, “The vice presidency isn’t worth a pitcher of warm piss.” JOHN NANCE GARNER (vice president during the Roosevelt administration [1933-1941]), quoted in O. C. Fisher, Cactus Jack, 1982. How times have changed!   6. Whoever degrades another degrades me. WALT WHITMAN, (poet), “Song of Myself” (24), 1855, Leaves of Grass, 1855-1892   7. Must a government, of necessity, be too strong for the liberties of its own people, or too weak to maintain its own existence? ABRAHAM LINCOLN, message to Congress in special session, 4 July 1861. People the world over will commemorate the 200th anniversary of Lincoln’s birth on 12 February 2009.   8. It may as well be understood, once for all, that I shall not surrender this game leaving any available card unplayed. ABRAHAM LINCOLN, referring to the Civil War, letter to Reverdy Johnson, 26 July 1862   9. I claim not to have controlled events, but confess plainly that events have controlled me. ABRAHAM LINCOLN, letter to Albert G. Hodges, 4 April 1864. Compare, “There were great decisions [during World War II], of course, but I was swept along by events.” WINSTON CHURCHILL, 8 November 1951, remark to Lord Moran, Churchill: Taken from the Diaries of Lord Moran, ch. 34, 1966   10. The spirit, the policy, and the methods of Imperialism are hostile to the institutions of popular self-government, favoring forms of political tyranny and social authority which are the deadly enemies of effective liberty and equality. J. A. HOBSON (English historian), Imperialism: A Study, pt. 2, ch. 1, sect. 5, 1902   11. TEN LESS FAMILIAR AMBROSE BIERCE DEFINITIONS:      Brain, n. An apparatus with which we think that we think.      Corporation, n. An ingenious device for obtaining individual profit without individual responsibility.      Destiny, n. A tyrant’s excuse for crime and a fool’s excuse for failure.      Education, n. That which discloses to the wise and disguises from the foolish their lack of understanding.      Egotist, n. A person of low taste, more interested in himself than in me.      Fidelity, n. A virtue peculiar to those who are about to be betrayed.      Impunity, n. Wealth.      Mammon, n. The god of the world’s leading religion.      Politics, n. A strife of interests masquerading as a contest of principles. The conduct of public affairs for private advantage.      Saint, n. A dead sinner revised and edited.      Success, n. The one unpardonable sin against one’s fellows. AMBROSE BIERCE (journalist and writer), The Devil’s Dictionary, 1911, Dover edition, 1958   12. Renunciation of thinking is a declaration of spiritual bankruptcy. ALBERT SCHWEITZER (German physician and theologian), Out of My Life and Thought: An Autobiography, ch. 21, translated by C. T. Campion, 1933   13. A German bomb fell through the roof of my wife’s grandmother’s house in the East End of London in 1943 and lodged, unexploded, in her bedroom wardrobe. When the bomb disposal unit opened it up, they found a note inside. “Don’t worry, English,” it said, “we’re with you. Polish workers.” RICHARD J. EVANS (British historian and author of Telling Lies About Hitler: The Holocaust, History and the David Irving Trial, 2002), closing sentences, letter to New York Review of Books, 14 February 2008   14. How lovely to think that no one need wait a moment, we can start now, start slowly changing the world! ANNE FRANK (German-born Jewish diarist), 1944, Anne Frank’s Tales from the Secret Annex, translated by Ralph Manheim and Michel Mok, 1984. Frank was arrested at her hiding place in Amsterdam in August 1944 and sent to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp where she died of typhus in March 1945, two months before the surrender of Germany.   15. To see what is in front of one’s nose needs a constant struggle. GEORGE ORWELL (English writer), “In Front of Your Nose,” Tribune (England), 22 March 1946, The Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters of George Orwell, vol. 4, edited by Sonia Orwell and Ian Angus, 1968   16. Whether you believe you can do a thing or not, you are right. HENRY FORD (1863-1947), quoted in Rolf B. White, editor, The Great Business Quotations, p. 194, 1986   17. Whatever the future held, you have to face it when you came to it, just as whatever life holds, you have to face it in exactly the same way. And the important thing was that you never let down doing the best that you were able to do — it might be poor because you might not have very much within you to give, or to help other people with, or to live your life with. But as long as you did the very best you were able to do, then that was what you were put here to do, and that was what you were accomplishing by being here. ELEANOR ROOSEVELT, “Growth That Starts from Thinking” (1950), published in Jay Allison and Dan Gediman, editors, This I Believe: The Personal Philosophies of Remarkable Men and Women, 2006   18. Nothing about his life is more strange to [man] or more unaccountable in purely mundane terms than the stirrings he finds in himself, usually fitful but sometimes overwhelming, to look beyond his animal existence and not be fully satisfied with its immediate substance. He lacks the complacency of the other animals: he is obsessed by pride and guilt, pride at being something more than a mere animal, guilt at falling perpetually short of the high aims he sets for himself. LEWIS MUMFORD (social philosopher), The Conduct of Life, ch. 3, sect. 3, 1951   19. Every crisis has both its dangers and its opportunities. Each can spell either salvation or doom. MARTIN LUTHER KING JR., Stride Toward Freedom, ch. 11, 1958. Compare, “When written in Chinese, the word crisis is composed of two characters — one represents danger and the other represents opportunity.” JOHN F. KENNEDY, speech before the United Negro College Fund Convocation, Indianapolis, 12 April 1959   20. The essence of a human being is not in what he is, but in what he is able to be. ABRAHAM JOSHUA HESCHEL (Polish-U.S. theologian), The Insecurity of Freedom: Essays on Human Existence, ch. 2, 1967   21. [Exceptional politicians] practice politics as the art of making what appears to be impossible possible. HILLARY CLINTON, commencement speech, Wellesley College (Massachusetts), 1969, quoted in George Packer, “The Choice,” New Yorker, 28 January 2008   22. The struggle which is not joyous is the wrong struggle. The joy of the struggle is not hedonism and hilarity, but the sense of purpose, achievement and dignity. GERMAINE GREER (Australian writer), introduction to The Female Eunuch, 1970   23. We are here to help each other get through this thing, whatever it is. MARK VONNEGUT (physician), quoted in Kurt Vonnegut Jr., Timequake, ch. 20, 1997   24. I no longer believe the conservative message that children are naturally selfish and destructive creatures who need civilizing by hierarchies or painful controls. On the contrary, I believe that hierarchy and painful controls create destructive people.      And I no longer believe the liberal message that children are blank slates on which society can write anything. On the contrary, I believe a unique core self is born into every human being; the result of millennia of environment and heredity combined in an unpredictable way that could never happen before or again. GLORIA STEINEM (feminist leader and writer), “A Balance between Nature and Nurture,” published in Jay Allison and Dan Gediman, eds., This I Believe: The Personal Philosophies of Remarkable Men and Women, 2006   25. Iraq is “unwinnable,” a “quagmire,” a “fiasco”: so goes the received opinion. But there is good reason to think that, from the Bush-Cheney perspective, it is none of these things. Indeed, the US may be “stuck” precisely where Bush et al want it to be, which is why there is no “exit strategy.” [opening paragraph]...      The occupation may seem horribly botched on the face of it, but the Bush administration’s cavalier attitude towards “nation-building” has all but ensured that Iraq will end up as an American protectorate for the next few decades — a necessary condition for the extraction of its oil wealth.... The costs — a few billion dollars a month plus a few dozen American fatalities... are negligible compared to $30 trillion in oil wealth, assures American geopolitical supremacy and cheap gas for voters. In terms of realpolitik, the invasion of Iraq is not a fiasco; it is a resounding success. JIM HOLT (journalist), “It’s the Oil,” London Review of Books, 18 October 2007. Holt also writes for the New York Times Magazine and the New Yorker.   26. United Health Group Inc.’s former CEO William McGuire agreed to repay more than $600 million in stock options to resolve a backdating scandal, but he’ll manage to get along OK on the options he’s still holding which add up to more than $800 million. [opening paragraph]...      Of at least 200 companies that have disclosed investigations of backdating, 100 announced they must restate financial results. The restatements, revisions and charges exceed $12.9 billion. More than 90 executives and directors left their jobs, and more than 400 lawsuits were filed against more than 100 companies. [closing paragraph] BLOOMBERG NEWS, “McGuire Keeps $800 Million in Options,” San Francisco Chronicle, 8 December 2007   27. 2003: 476 billionaires worth $1.4 trillion 2005: 691 billionaires worth $2.2 trillion 2007: 946 billionaires worth $3.5 trillion Real Money: Both the number of the world’s billionaire and their total wealth have grown sharply in recent years, according to Forbes (magazine), which tracks the wealthy annually. LANDON THOMAS JR. (journalist), graphic and caption, format adapted, “Ages of Riches: A New Breed of Billionaire,” New York Times, 14 December 2007   28. First Man: Still, I can’t help but wonder if Obama is experienced enough to be president! Second Man: You mean, can he sink the dollar? Mangle the economy? Sell the country to corporations through no-bid contracts? Ignore laws? Torture prisoners? Squander lives in an unjustified war? Wear the military down to a nub? Ruin our reputation in the world and be unable to pronounce “nuclear”? First Man: Point taken! DON WRIGHT, cartoon balloons, Palm Beach Post, December 2007   29. The potential of our economy to underwrite a society of broad prosperity is being sacrificed to financial speculation. The winnings are going to a narrow elite, jeopardizing not only our broad prosperity but our solvency. In less than a decade, our government budget, gutted by tax cuts, has shifted from endless projected federal surpluses to infinite deficits. Our trade imbalances and financial debt to the rest of the world have grown from a modest concern to levels that could produce a crash.      None of this had to be. All of these disastrous trends reflect a failure of our democratic politics to hold leaders and institutions accountable. With imagination and leadership, much of the damage can still be reversed. ROBERT KUTTNER (economics and financial journalist, and editor of The American Prospect), The Squandering of America: How the Failure of Our Politics Undermines Our Prosperity, ch. 1, 2007   30. You know, they said this day would never come. They said our sights were set too high. They said this country was too divided, too disillusioned to ever come together around a common purpose.      But on this January night, at this defining moment in history, you have done what the cynics said we couldn’t do. You have done what the state of New Hampshire can do in five days. You have done what America can do in this new year, 2008.      In lines that stretched around schools and churches, in small towns and in big cities, you came together as Democrats, Republicans and independents, to stand up and say that we are one nation. We are one people. And our time for change has come. BARACK OBAMA, speech following his victory in the Iowa caucuses, Des Moines, 3 January 2008   31. The undemocratic historical trajectory that Kenya has been moving along was launched at the inception of British colonial rule more than a century ago. It’s not hard to discern similar patterns — deliberately stoked ethnic tensions, power-hungry elites, feeble democratic traditions and institutions — in other former British colonies such as Pakistan, Zimbabwe and Iraq that share similar imperial pasts. In retrospect, the wonder is not that Kenya is descending into ethnic violence. The wonder is that it didn’t happen sooner. CAROLINE ELKINS (associate professor of African studies at Harvard University and author of Imperial Reckoning: The Untold Story of Britain’s Gulag in Kenya, 2005), closing sentences, “Divide and Rule,” Washington Post, 6 January 2008   32. One executive to another: Young people need heroes — that’s why I hired a P.R. firm. CHARLES BARSOTTI, cartoon caption, New Yorker, 7 January 2008   33. Few Americans are likely to be aware that there was a fivefold increase in airstrikes [in Iraq] during 2007 as compared with the previous year. CHARLES J. DUNLAP JR. (air force major general and author of Shortchanging the Joint Fight: An Airman’s Assessment of FM 3-24 and the Case for Developing Truly Joint COIN Doctrine, 2008), “We Still Need the Big Guns,” New York Times, 9 January 2007   34. TEHRAN, Iran — Using strict enforcement of Islamic law, the judicial authorities in a restive region of southern Iran amputated the right hands and left feet of five convicted robbers this week, part of what the government said was an effort to deter other troublemakers. NAZILA FATHI (journalist), opening paragraph, “Hanging and Amputation Find Favor in Iran Courts,” New York Times, 11 January 2008   35. In one of the largest airstrikes in recent months, two B-1 bombers and four F-16 aircraft dropped 38 bombs within 10 minutes near the Latifiya district south of Baghdad....      Sixteen Americans have died this year, nine of them on Tuesday and Wednesday as soldiers tried to drive Sunni Arab insurgents out of their sanctuaries in Diyala Province [north of Baghdad]. Despite the high death toll, American soldiers have met surprisingly little overall resistance during the sweep, and military officials suspect that insurgents were tipped off beforehand. SOLOMON MOORE (journalist), “U.S. Drops 40,000 Pounds of Bombs in Insurgent Sweep South of Baghdad,” New York Times, 11 January 2008. Six of the 16 American fatalities and an interpreter of unknown nationality were killed on Wednesday, 9 January, in Diyala Province when insurgents detonated a bomb inside a house the soldiers were searching.   36. RIYADH, Saudi Arabia — ...      Blessed is the peacemaker who comes bearing a $30 billion package of military aid for Israel and a $20 billion package of Humvees and guided bombs for the Arabs....      Asked by ABC’s Terry Moran what he was thinking when he stood on the site where Jesus performed miracles at the Sea of Galilee, [Pres. Bush] replied: “I reflected on the story in the New Testament about the calm and the rough seas, because it was on those very seas that the Lord was in the boat with the disciples, and they were worried about the waves and the wind, and the sea calmed. That’s what I reflected on: the calm you can find in putting your faith in a higher power.” MAUREEN DOWD, (journalist and author of Are Men Necessary?: When Sexes Collide, 2005), “Faith, Freedom and Bling in the Middle East,” New York Times, 16 January 2008. Bush visited several countries in the Middle East during an eight-day trip that ended on 16 January.   37. NAIROBI, Kenya — Opposition protests resumed in Kenya on Wednesday, and as many people here feared, violence erupted across the country once again. [opening paragraph]      One of Kenya’s television stations broadcast images of a police officer in Kisumu shooting an unarmed protester who was dancing in the street and making faces at security agents. After the protester fell to the ground, the officer ran up to him and kicked him, several times. Witnesses said the protester later died.      “There’s been war since the morning,” said Eric Otieno, a mechanic in Kisumu. “The police are whipping women, children, everyone. We were just trying to demonstrate peacefully.” JEFFREY GETTLEMAN (journalist), “Opposition Protesters Clash With Police in Kenya,” New York Times, 17 January 2008. Tribal fighting broke out soon after what was generally regarded as a rigged presidential election. Since 2 January, between 500 and 1,000 people have died and 250,000 have fled their homes. Kenya, the recipient of $600 million annually in U.S. aid, is the economic and trade hub of East Africa.   38. PESHAWAR, Pakistan — For centuries, fighting and lawlessness have been part of the fabric of this frontier city [east of the North-West Frontier Province bordering on Afghanistan]. But in the past year, Pakistan’s war with Islamic militants has spilled right into [Peshawar’s] alleys and bazaars, its forts and armories, killing policemen and soldiers and scaring its famously tough citizens.      There is a sense of siege here, as the Islamic insurgency pours out of the adjacent tribal region into this city, one of Pakistan’s largest, and its surrounding districts. [opening paragraphs]...      The proximity of Peshawar to the tribal areas where the Taliban and Al Qaeda have regrouped in the past two years makes the city a feasible prize for the militants in Pakistan’s quickly escalating internal strife that pits the Islamic extremist against the American-backed government of President Pervez Musharraf. JANE PERLEZ (journalist), “Frontier Insurgency Spills Into a Pakistani City,” New York Times, 18 January 2008   39. The Fed [Federal Reserve Board] faces not only the twin demons of recession and inflation but also the specter that further rate cuts would cause foreign investors — who own more than $2 trillion of U.S. debt — to bail out, sending U.S. interest rates soaring. That, combined with the steadily worsening housing slump, could make for a long and nasty recession. ROGER LOWENSTEIN (journalist and author of Origins of the Crash: The Great Bubble and Its Undoing, 2004), “The Education of Ben Bernanke,” New York Times Magazine, 20 January 2008   40. First gorilla: We share 99% of our DNA with humans, but there are 6 billion of them & we’re nearly extinct. What’s the difference? Second gorilla: We’re pacifists. DAN PIRARO, cartoon balloons, Bizarro, San Francisco Chronicle, 23 January 2008   41. When people ask me how do you make it in show business.... I always say, “Be so good that they can’t ignore you.” STEVE MARTIN (comedian, writer and author of Born Standing Up: A Comic’s Life, 2007), Charlie Rose television interview, PBS, 25 January 2008   42. I have never had a president who inspired me the way people tell me that my father inspired them. But for the first time, I believe I have found the man [referring to Barack Obama] who could be that president — not just for me, but for a new generation of Americans. CAROLINE KENNEDY (writer, author of A Family Christmas, 2007, and daughter of Pres. John F. Kennedy), closing paragraph, “A President Like My Father,” New York Times, 27 January 2008   43. The smaller the government, the stronger the people.   44. Beaten paths lead nowhere.   45. The rich are satisfied with what they have, no matter how little; the poor are dissatisfied with what they have, no matter how much.   46. If we’re scoring lots of bull’s eyes, the target may be too close.   47. We’re all free to do as we must.

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The information herein shall not be considered an endorsement of anyone discontinuing psychiatric drugs. If you are stopping taking medication it is advisable to reduce the dose gradually WITH EXTREME CAUTION, as it is difficult to predict who will have problems withdrawing. It is worth getting as much information and support as you can, and involving your doctor wherever possible. You will find withdrawal information here:                                  http://www.mind.org.uk/Information/Booklets/Making+sense/Making+sense+of+coming+off+psychiatric+drugs.htm FOR MORE INFORMATION ON WITHDRAWAL:: Get Peter Lehmann's book, Coming off Psychiatric Drugs: Successful Withdrawal from Neuroleptics, Antidepressants, Lithium, Carbamazepine and Tranquilizers.  This valuable resource comes in US, UK, and German editions.

Slí Eile – Celebrating Another Way

To Mental Health Recovery


A Conference organised & hosted by

Slí Eile Housing Association Ltd


Friday, 18th April 2008 at Charleville Park Hotel

Charleville, Co Cork


Chaired by journalist & broadcaster - Vincent Browne


With three out of four of all admissions to psychiatric units being re-admissions, Slí Eile was set up to explore ways of helping people caught up in this revolving door to recover within an accepting and supportive community setting.


On April 18th, Slí Eile is hosting a conference to celebrate the establishment of its pilot project in Charleville, Co Cork. The aim of the Slí Eile approach to recovery through community living is to provide another way of supporting people to recover from their experience of mental distress. Slí Eile believes the journey to recovery is:

·        A re-awakening of hope after despair

·        A movement to active participation in life from withdrawal and isolation

·        A shift to engagement and active coping rather than passive adjustment

·        Reclaiming a positive sense of self

·        A transformation from alienation to a sense of meaning and purpose


This approach to supported housing offers an environment of hope and empowerment, where meaningful activities support the process of recovery for its five tenants and creates an environment which instils the belief that change is possible.

This conference includes presentation by Slí Eile tenants & staff The Lived Experience, Martin Rogan HSE: Assistant National Director for Mental Health Services, service users, local practitioners and others with an interest in recovery. The programme allows ample time for a Question & Answer session in the morning and afternoon with Chairman for the day, Vincent Browne.


Admission is free, tea / coffee on arrival but please note lunch is at delegates’ own expense. Booking is advisable as numbers are limited.

Anyone wishing to attend can register by email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

or send a stamped addressed envelope to: - Slí Eile, Dromina, Charleville, Co Cork


Medicaid: "Pharmacy Claims Do Not Require a Diagnosis"

New York State health officials have been closing their eyes to the misprescribing of toxic psychotropic drugs for tens of thousands of children. The fact is that antipsychotics, anticonvulsants and antidepressants are being widely and irresponsibly misprescribed--singly and in deadly combinations--by doctors who are either ignorant about the drugs' debilitating--in some cases, lethal effects--or they are under the influence of drug companies. Psychiatrist Dr. Mark Olfson of Columbia University, had expressed astonishment at the findings of two studies that he had conducted (2006, 2007): one, showed a 40-fold increase in children diagnosed as "bipolar disorder." His study found that "psychiatrists made almost 90% of the diagnoses, and two-thirds of the young patients were boys." Dr. Olfson's other study finding: "nearly one in five psychiatric visits for young people included a prescription for antipsychotics." These startling findings led him to acknowledge an "urgent need" to evaluate the drugs' safety and effectiveness. But on Friday, when asked by the New York Post to comment about the huge Medicaid expenditure for antipsychotic drugs prescribed for children--a phenomenon which he had acknowledged to be an urgent problem--Dr. Olfson ran away for from his own scientific findings. Dr. Olfson responded with a non-sequitor: "The much greater problem is that we have large numbers of young people in the United States with mental-health problems who receive no treatment," he said. Citing NYS Medicaid records, the NY Post reports that in 2006, Medicaid was billed $82 million for psychiatric drugs for children. Five antipsychotics and a widely misprescribed anticonvulsant topped the list: Risperdal ($23 million); Abilify ($17 million); Seroquel ($12.2 million); Depakote ($5.7 million); Zyprexa ($5.1 million)/ The gateway for prescribing antipsychotics for children is labeling children as having "bipolar disorder." That dubious "diagnosis" and US psychiatrists' reckless and irresponsible prescribing practices have undermined children's mental and physical health, but helped spike industry's profit margins.

A Single Meal Can Lead to Good (or Bad)

 It takes just one “bad” meal -- a cheeseburger, fries and a soda, fried chicken and biscuits, a slab of chocolate cake and ice cream -- to do damage to your body, according to new research.The good news, however, is that eating just one good meal will start to repair the damage.This occurs because, when you eat, your body breaks down the food into glucose (sugar), lipids (fats) and amino acids (the building blocks of protein).As soon as you polish off the last of your high-fat, high-sugar meal, the sugar causes a large spike in your blood-sugar levels called “post-prandial hyperglycemia.” In the long term this can lead to an increased risk of heart attack, but there are short-term effects as well, such as:

Your tissue becomes inflamed (as occurs when it is infected) Your blood vessels constrict Damaging free radicals are generated Your blood pressure may rise higher than normal A surge and drop in insulin may leave you feeling hungry soon after your mealEating healthy foods, such as fresh vegetables and fruits, lean proteins, and high-fiber items, will stave off post-prandial spikes and help to keep your blood-sugar levels even.Even a small amount of alcohol appears to help blood-sugar levels stay stable.The desire to eat junk food is a vicious cycle, the researchers pointed out, as the more you eat it the more your body craves it. This occurs because junk food distorts your hormonal profile, stimulating your appetite and causing you to crave unhealthy foods -- while making you feel unsatisfied when you eat only healthy ones.The risky blood sugar spikes that follow a junk food meal are most likely to occur in people who don’t exercise, or who carry weight around their abdomen. Sources:Time January 15, 2008Journal of the American College of Cardiology January 22, 2008; 51:249-255