I am aware that some women would be worried about throwing out the proverbialbaby with the bath water and would suggest simply mobilizing against the sexisminherent in ECT use. As this article demonstrated, however, although highlighting thesexism is important, trying to make the electroshock industry less sexist is hardly sufficient.Although it may or may not be possible to tone down the sexism that has beenendemic in the use of electroshock, the statistic of 2 to 3 times as many women as menwho were electroshocked is not promising. Moreover, social control over women andviolence againstwomen are hardly disappearing. What is even more fundamental, it isnot possible to make the procedure itself something other than what it is: electricallyinduced brain damage that severely and routinely diminishes people subjected to itand that has no medical efficacy. Given its nature, it is unacceptable to subject anyoneto it regardless of the intention or sensitivity of the people administering it. And givenits nature, it will inevitably be used on those whose brains are valued less.In ending, I would like to introduce a new development in the ECT saga that needsto be considered. Throughout most of its history, electroshock has been aimed primarilyat young and middle-aged women—hence, the profile of women in these sourcesand, indeed, in all relevant sources. Times, however, have changed. For the year 1999to 2000, as shown inWeitz (2001), 40% of the number of people shocked in provincialpsychiatric institutions in Ontario were women older than age 60 years, and 52% ofthe total electroshock administered was administered to women older than age 60years. Similar statistics may be found for other jurisdictions. In other words, at thisjuncture at least, though young and middle-aged women remain in jeopardy, disproportionatelywe are looking at elder abuse, the abuse of older women in particular.Although this is a horrific development, it is not surprising, for older women are notvalued by dominant cultures.Given that the elderly are already struggling with memory problems, given the generalvulnerability of this population, and given the resurgence in electroshock, there isan urgency to the situation at hand. This is a development that calls for new types offeminist activism. Correspondingly, it calls for new research into electroshock,including feminist interviews with a population that has not been interviewed on thisissue to date and is likely to prove enormously difficult to access.